844 million people in the world live without clean water. That’s over 10 times the population of the U.K., without clean water. The majority of these people living in isolated and rural communities and have to walk hours every day to collect water.
Not only does this keep children out of school, and take parents out of work - water often carries diseases and worsens existing problems.
In the latest video, we talk about three problems that come under our sub-theme of global water:
- How can we improve access to clean water?
- What can we do about water contamination?
- Can we prevent cargo ships disrupting aquatic ecosystems?
Check the video out, or have a quick read over the problems outlined below!
Access to Clean Water
43% of water-related deaths are children under five years old. Access to clean water and basic sanitation can save around 16,000 lives every week. The problem for a lot of communities globally is being able to have access to safe, clean and reliable water.
Climate change makes all of the problems even worse, so what can be done about it?
Through Xylem’s signature citizenship program, Xylem Watermark, they bring clean water, sanitation and hygiene education to schools and communities in emerging markets, and respond with water solutions when disaster strikes around the globe. Here’s how Xylem Watermark is solving water around the world.
There is a growing awareness of chemicals in the world’s water supply. Recent research has shown that a wide variety of such chemicals exist at trace concentrations in streams, lakes, rivers and groundwater throughout the world.
What are contaminants…? These are things that are often a result of human activities. They can include runoff from factories, farming and many more sources.
What can be done…?
Well it’s pretty simple… water purification! Danahere (in the video!) are focused on improving the technology and ways of treating water at a mass scale to help stop chemicals entering lakes and streams around the world!
Cargo Ships and Species invasion
So this one will probably be a problem you didn’t know existed… (at least we didn’t before we learnt about Halma!).
Cargo ships, account for 90% of world trade - cargo ships transport such a vast amount of stuff, it’s considered one of the best modes of transport for its environmental footprint. But it still has one.
Ships take up, and release water when they port (to help with stability during rough seas). At any one time, a container ship can carry 100,000m2 of ballast water, containing more than 10,000 marine and aquatic plant and animal species, and as a result these can travel thousands of miles across the world.
The problem comes when they release these plants and animals at the end of their journey and introduce new species into foreign territory, causing a lot of problems for the animals and plants already settled.
Find out more in the video and how Halma are helping prevent this through!